Theory and Synthetic Overviews

Conzen, Michael P., Making of the American Landscape (London: Unwin Hyman, 1990).

Cronon, William, “Kennecott Journey: The Paths Out of Town,” in Cronon et al., eds., Under an Open Sky: Rethinking America’s Western Past (New York: W. W. Norton, 1991), 28-51.

Cronon, William, ed., Uncommon Ground: Rethinking the Human Place in Nature (New York: W. W. Norton, 1996).

Egan, Dave, and Evelyn Howell, eds.., Historical Ecology Handbook ( Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2001).

Goudie, Andrew, ed., Encyclopedia of Global Change: Environmental Change and Human Society ( New York: Oxford University Press, 2003).

Kiple, Kenneth, ed., The Cambridge World History of Food ( New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Kiple, Kenneth, ed., The Cambridge World History of Human Disease (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Krech, Shepard, et al., eds, Encyclopedia of World Environmental History ( London: Routledge, 2004).

McNeill, John, Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World ( New York: W. W. Norton, 2001).

Melosi, Martin, The Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000).

Merchant, Carolyn, The Columbia Guide to American Environmental History ( New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.

Merchant, Carolyn, Major Problems in American Environmental History (Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath, 1993).

Nash, Roderick, American Environmentalism: Readings in Conservation History (3rd ed., New York: McGraw-Hill, 1990).

Soper, Kate, What Is Nature?: Culture, Politics and the Non-Human (Oxford: Blackwell, 1995).

Steinberg, Ted, Down to Earth: Nature’s Role in American History ( New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Stilgoe, John, Common Landscape of America , 1580-1845 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982).

Warren, Louis, American Environmental History ( New York: Blackwell, 2003).

Richard White, “Historiographical Essay: American Environmental History: The Development of a New Field,” Pacific Historical Review, 54(1985), 297-335.

Worster, Donald, et al., "A Round Table: Environmental History," Journal of American History 76:4 (March 1990), 1111-46.

Worster, Donald, The Ends of the Earth: Perspectives on Modern Environmental History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988).

Worster, Donald, The Wealth of Nature: Environmental History and the Ecological Imagination (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993).

Classics and Precursors

Carson, Rachel, Silent Spring (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1962).

Gates, Paul Wallace, History of Public Land Law Development (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1968).

Hoskins, W. G., The Making of the English Landscape (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1955).

Jackson, John Brinckerhoff, Landscapes: Selected Writings of J. B. Jackson,

Leopold, Aldo, A Sand County Almanac (New York: Oxford University Press, 1949).

Malin, James, History and Ecology, ed. Robert P. Swierenga  (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984).

Marsh, George Perkins, Man and Nature (1864; reprinted, ed. David Lowenthal, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2003).

Sauer, Carol Ortwin, Land and Life: A Selection from the Writings of Carl Ortwin Sauer, ed. John Leighly (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1963).

Thomas, William L., Man’s Role in Changing the Face of the Earth (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1956).

Environmental History of Material Life

Cronon, William, Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England ( New York: Hill & Wang, 2nd ed., 2003).

Cronon, William, Nature’s Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West (New York: W. W. Norton, 1991).

Crosby, Alfred W., Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Crosby, Alfred W., Jr., The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492 (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1972).

Fiege, Mark, Irrigated Eden: The Making of an Agricultural Landscape in the American West (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999).

Guha, Ramachandra, Environmentalism: A Global History (London: Routledge, 1999).

Krech, Shepard, The Ecological Indian: Myth and History ( New York: W. W. Norton, 1999).

Langston, Nancy, Forest Dreams, Forest Nightmares: The Paradox of Old Growth in the Inland West (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1995).

McEvoy, Arthur F., The Fisherman’s Problem: Ecology and Law in the California Fisheries, 1850-1980 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1986).

McPhee, John, The Control of Nature ( New York: Farrar, Straus Giroux, 1989.

Pyne, Stephen J., Fire in America : A Cultural History of Wildland and Rural Fire (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982).

Pyne, Stephen J., Fire: A Brief History ( Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2003).

Rome, Adam, The Bulldozer in the Countryside : Suburban Sprawl and the Rise of American Environmentalism ( New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

White, Richard, Land Use, Environment, and Social Change: The Shaping of Island County, Washington (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1980).

Richard White, The Organic Machine: The Remaking of the Columbia River (New York: Hill & Wang, 1996).

White, Richard, Roots of Dependency: Subsistence, Environment, and Social Change among the Choctaws, Pawnees, and Navajos (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983).

Worster, Donald, Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s (New York: Oxford University Press, 1979).

Ideas of Nature

Marx, Leo, The Machine in the Garden: Technology and the Pastoral Ideal in America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1964).

Mitman, Gregg, The State of Nature: Ecology, Community, and American Social Thought, 1900-1950 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992).

Mitman, Gregg, Reel Nature: America’s Romance with Wildlife on Film Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999).

Novak, Barbara, Nature and Culture: American Landscape Painting, 1825-1875 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980).

Pollan, Michael, Second Nature: A Gardener’s Education (New York: Dell, 1991).

Price, Jennifer, Flight Maps: Adventures with Nature in Modern America (New York: Basic Books, 1999).

Edmund Russell, War and Nature: Fighting Humans and Insects with Chemicals from World War I to Silent Spring ( New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001).

Worster, Donald, Nature’s Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas (1977, 2nd ed., New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Williams, Raymond, The Country and the City (New York: Oxford University Press, 1975).

Williams, Raymond, “Ideas of Nature,” (1972) in Williams, Problems in Materialism and Culture: Selected Essays (London: Verso, 1980).

History of Conservation and Environmentalism

Dunlap, Thomas R., DDT: Scientists, Citizens, and Public Policy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975).

Fox, Stephen, The American Conservation Movement: John Muir and His Legacy (1981; Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985).

Gottlieb, Robert, Forcing the Spring: The Transformation of the American Environmental Movement ( Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1993.

Hays, Samuel P., Conservation and the Gospel of Efficiency: The Progressive Conservation Movement, 1890-1920 (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1959).

Hays, Samuel P., Beauty, Health, and Permanence: Environmental Politics in the United States (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

Hays, Samuel P., Explorations in Environmental History: Essays (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1998).

Nash, Roderick, Wilderness and the American Mind (4th ed., New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001).

Runte, Alfred, The National Parks (3rd ed., Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997).

Schama, Simon, Landscape and Memory (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1996).

Strasser, Susan, Waste and Want: A Social History of Trash (New York: Metropolitan Books, 1999).

Sutter, Paul, Driven Wild: How the Fight Against Automobiles Launched the Modern Wilderness Movement ( Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002).

Class, Race, Gender, and Nature

Adamson, Joni, The Environmental Justice Reader: Politics, Poetics, & Pedagogy ( Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2002).

Bullard, Robert, Dumping in Dixie: Race, Class, and Environmental Quality (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2nd ed., 1994).

Bullard, Robert, ed., Unequal Protection: Environmental Justice and Communities of Color ( San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994.

Deming, Alison H., and Lauret E. Savoy, eds., The Colors of Nature: Culture, Identity, and the Natural World ( Minneapolis: Milkweed Editions, 2003).

Hurley, Andrew, Environmental Inequalities: Class, Race, and Industrial Pollution in Gary, Indiana, 1945-1980 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995).

Jacoby, Karl, Crimes Against Nature: Squatters, Poachers, Thieves, and the Hidden History of Conservation ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001).

Judd, Richard, Common Lands, Common People: The Origins of Conservation in Northern New England (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997).

McMurry, Sally, Families and Farmhouses in Nineteenth-Century America : Vernacular Design and Social Change (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).

Merchant, Carolyn, The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology, and the Scientific Revolution (New York: Harper & Row, 1980).

Merchant, Carolyn, Ecological Revolutions: Nature, Gender, and Science in New England (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989).

Virginia Scharff, “Are Earth Girls Easy?  Ecofeminism, Women’s History, and Environmental History, ” Journal of Women’s History, 7 (Summer 1995): 164-75.

Christopher Sellers, "Thoreau's Body: Towards an Embodied Environmental History," Environmental History, 4 (1999), 486-514.

Alan Taylor, "Unnatural Inequalities: Social and Environmental Histories,"  Environmental History, 4:1 (Oct. 1996), 6-19.

Valencius, Conevery Bolton, The Health of the Country: How American Settlers Understood Themselves and Their Land ( New York: Basic Books, 2003).

Warren, Louis, The Hunter;s Game: Poachers and Conservationists in Twentieth-Century America (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).